Shape refers to the geometric outline and overall physical form of a diamond. Every diamond shape has its own attributes and cut specifications, which also play a largefactor in the overall look of the stone.
The Princess cut is the square version of the brilliant round cut usually comprised of either 57 or 76 facets with a typical ratio of 1.0 to 1.05.
Its pyramidal shape with four bevelled sides creates more light dispersion than any other square shaped diamond, making it popular for both solitaire engagement rings and earrings.
The Asscher cut is a unique shape with prismatic brilliance and a rectangular-faceted pavilion in the same style as the emerald cut.
The standard number of main facets on an Asscher cut is usually 58.
The width of the cut corners may vary. With its deep pavilion, faceted culet, high crown and small table, the Asscher cut allows for tremendous lustre and creates a fascinating optical illusion known as the “Hall of Mirrors” effect.
The pear shape is a unique and hybrid diamond cut combining the brilliance and design style of both the Round Brilliant and the Marquise that results in a shape with a single point and rounded end.
The stone is usually comprised of 58 facets, although the number of pavilion facets may range from 4 to 8.
The oval cut is a rounded shape typically comprised of 58 facets. This shape optimizes carat weight, meaning that the drawn out and symmetrical shape can make it appear larger than round stones of a similar weight.
The oval cut is also an ideal way to elongate shorter fingers and it has recently become fashionable to use as the center stone for engagement rings.
As its name suggests, a cushion cut is a square or rectangular shape with rounded corners that resemble a pillow. The cushion cut is usually comprised of 58 facets.
Although not as brilliant as round brilliants, cushion cuts have large facets allowing for a greater separation of white light into spectral colours. The cushion cut may be described as a cross between the old mine cut and modern oval shape.
The heart shape is usually comprised of between 56 and 58 facets, although the number of main pavilion facets may vary between 6, 7 and 8.
Additionally, heart shapes are sometimes cut with “French tips,” which replace the large bezel facet at the point with star and upper girdle facets.
French tips are also used in the Marquise and Pear shapes. Heart shapes may differ slightly in appearance depending on their make or structure.
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